- Chromium performs an essential role in glucose metabolism by increasing the sensitivity of the insulin receptors on the surface of most cells (Acc Chem Res 2000;33:503-510).
- Chromium is needed for the normal control of blood sugar and blood lipids; chromium adequacy helps maintain normal glucose disposal (J Am Coll Nutr 1997;16:404-10; J Nutr 1993;123:626-33).
- Chromium is lost in the urine during exercise and when genetics, diet, or lifestyle permit increasing concentrations of glucose and insulin in the blood (Proc Nutr Soc 2004;63:41-7; Am J Clin Nutr 2000;72:585S-593S).
- Most clinical trials have found that chromium in amounts of at least 200 mcg/day supports the maintenance of healthy blood glucose levels, and often healthy lipid levels as well (Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2000;40:291-308).
- Typical dietary chromium intake from Western diets averages only about 30 mcg per day (Biol Trace Elem Res 1992;32:117-121).
- Chromium bound to niacin (nicotinate) or picolinic acid (picolinate) is far better absorbed than inorganic forms such as chromium chloride (Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2000; 40:291-308).
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